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56.44%. Pectoral fins long and extend to pelvic fins. Therefore, it is urgent to protect the endangered fish as well as to improve the quality of seeds of commercially important fish species. Lower jaw with movable articulation at the symphysis. Catla definition is - either of two very large cyprinid fishes extensively used as food in southeast Asia:. Large scaleless head, head depth exceeds half of the head length; snout is bluntly rounded. GÜLELİM ÇOŞALIM EĞLENELİM. Zymogram of glucosephosphate isomerase of pure and hybrid fingerlings of Indian major carps, 2 individuals of each, 1 is rohu, 2 catla, 3 mrigal, 4 rohu x catla, 5 mrigal x catla and 6 rohu x mrigal. The dorsal fin is separated from the embryonic fold. In C. mrigala, out of 698 consensus nucleotide sequence, 648 characters were constant and … The nature of Catla is as follows: 1 Divisibility 2 Comparability 3 Connectivity 4 Sensitivity 5 Transformability 6 Substitutability 7 Satisfiability 8 See also the nature of: Catla has divisibility and it can be divided into things called the parts of Catla. Detailed character history for Catla, EU-Aegwynn: loot history, guilds, build changes Identification of Indian Major Carps (Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus cirrhosus) and Their H... Growth Performance of Indian Major Carps and Their Hybrids in Polyculture in Bangladesh, Potential of Fish Gamete Cryopreservation in Conservation Programs in Bangladesh. The results show that low effective population sizes leading to loss of variation and possibly inbreeding depression should be a matter of serious concern in aquaculture production of catla. Intergeneric hybrids between catla (Catla catla) and fimbriatus (Labeo fimbriatus) were produced by employing the technique of hypophysation and dry stripping.Detailed investigations on their embryonic and larval development, taxonomic characters and aquaculture potential in terms of growth, feed utilization, body carcass composition, meat yield etc. were carried out. Hàbitat. Four allozyme markers, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH), phosphoglucomutase (PGM) and glucosephosphate isomerase (GPI) were used to identify them genetically. Catra is a slender, tan skinned female of unknown feline origins. “Conservation of three indigenous endangered fish species Tengra (Mystus vittatus), Gulsha (Mystus cavasius) and Bata (Labeo bata) through cryopreservation of sperm” From January 2014 to December 2014 funded by IDRS-BFRI, Design Business Model for Sustainable Innovation: A Case Study on Clothing Industry in Bangladesh. The scales are whitish on their belly. Digestive system is very short and straight at early stage, folding of digestive system starts on day-9 after hatching, coiling is visible after 19 days of hatching. Gut content was analysed to estimate feeding relationship between pure and hybrids. Catla fish have distinctive looks with large and broad head. They have a large protruding lower jaw, and upturned mouth. Catla - Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822) [Cyprinidae] FAO official common names: Fr - Catla; Es - Catla Taxonomic and biological features: Distinguishing characters Body short, deep and laterally compressed with rounded abdomen (Figures 1 & 2) . Type by monotypy. Short anal fin with 8 rays (branched rays 5). It matured within 3 years and was equally responsive to hypophysation. Els mascles poden assolir 182 cm de longitud total i 38,6 kg de pes. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. The various commonly used methods of assessing, on the basis of gut contents, the food of those fishes which have a generalized diet are listed and discussed. On the other hand, in experiment III pure catla, rohu and mrigal were stocked at the ratio 40:30:30 and hybrids were stocked at the same ratio. Nihar Ranjan Chattopadhyay, in Induced Fish Breeding, 2017. This book is about a 13 year old Anglo-Saxon girl named Catla. Este es mi anime favorito : by Catla_5; Preguntas y respuestas (Parte 1) by Catla_5; Kobayashi-san chi no maid dragon by Catla_5; La patata kawaii :3 by Catla_5; Anime by Catla_5; Lili ( Yo) by Catla_5; Juego del músculo del ojo, ¿Puedes seguir esto? It is in the carp family Cyprinidae. Generally, the yield was low and the hybrids mrigal × catla and rohu × mrigal had the lowest production, indicating that hybridization should be avoided in commercial production. During the breeding season the dorsal surface of the pectoral fin of the males becomes rough and on applying gentle pressure on the belly milt oozes freely from the genital papilla. Lips thin. 3. All the experimental ponds were subjected to the same regime of feeding and fertilization. Catla catla is a planktivorous carp; preferably feeding on zooplankton. Comparison of selected morphometric measurements of parents and progeny was made and the results are presented in this paper. Effect of Graded Dietary Protein Levels on Body Composition Parameters of Hybrid (Labeo rohita ♀ and Catla catla ♂) from Pakistan Caudal fin forked. The taxonomic characters of the two hybrids were studied and compared with those of the parental species, catla and rohu. Presently, Bangladesh ranked fifth in aquaculture production and third in open water capture fisheries in the world. meat, taxonomic characters and comparative growth rate, in order to evaluate their utility in aquaculture, are very meagre. A semicircular mark with black chromatophores is seen on the ventarl side of the caudal fin just in front of the edge of the notochord. GPI was found to be diagnostic at one of two loci revealing three alleles. It is suggested that differences in breeding habits enable these two species to live together as they nest in different areas, and that the number of each species is regulated by the fact that during the breeding season the males defend a definite territory round their nests. Rohu × catla and catla attained the highest final weights (604 ± 32 g and 587 ± 34 g fresh weight) after 2 years’ growth, whereas mrigal × catla showed the lowest final weight (283 ± 42 g). Follow us on FB. The book I chose to read was named “Catla and the Vikings”, written by Mary Elizabeth Nelson. Dietary overlap was greatest between catla and silver carp (0–52) and between catla and bighead carp (0–48). Eyes are large. The stocking density was 40 fish deci-1 for all the replicated ponds and the total number of fish stocked in each replication was 80 ().. It is suggested that the two biological races, A and B of Heuts, have different diets. There is therefore only room for a certain number of nests of each species. Shared Projects (12) View all. It has large, greyish scales on its dorsal side and whitish on its belly. Colour grayish on back and flanks, silvery-white below, fins dusky. DONATE Low in saturated fat & rich in minerals. Contact us  | Terms and Conditions |  Scam Alert, Aquaculture Feed and Fertilizer Resources Information System. some of the desired morphometric characters such as small and narrow head of rohu as well as deep, broad body of catla in their backcross progenies using the technique of induce breeding. The highest net production was found 961.91±118.64 kg/ha/10 months in experiment II followed by the net productions of pure and hybrids of juvenile Indian major carps 951.42 ±39.70 kg/ha/10 months in experiment III and the same pure species 810.98±24.85 kg/ha/10 months in experiment I. The data for the winter are, however, incomplete, and it appears that feeding in this species is more affected during the breeding season. The digestive system is composed of pharynx, oesophagus, intestine and vent, stomach is absent. 6 if alleles were pooled into two composite alleles). Catla is a fish with large and broad head, a large protruding lower jaw, and upturned mouth. The remarkable rate of transi-tional substitutions compared with transversional was noted. 3.2.5.1 Hybridization of Indian Carp With Common Carp. Large scaleless head, head depth exceeds half of the head length; snout is bluntly rounded. Çatla patla. És un peix bentopelàgic i de clima subtropical (18 °C-28 °C). What are the parts of Catla? During the winter the fish eat less than at other times, and both sexes feed more sporadically than usual during the breeding season. Such characters are not seen in Rui and catla. for three setups, one with the three pure species, one with three hybrids, and one with a mixture of pure and hybrid fry. Distribució geogràfica. Considering the potential of fish cryopreservation, research on sperm cryopreservation began in the Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University in 2002, and protocols have been developed for a number of fish species such as Indian major carps, exotic carps, catfishes, indigenous endangered fish species, barb, and tilapia. The morphometric measurements of catla (Catla catla) rohu ( Labeo rohita ) and m rigala ( Cir rhinus mrigala ) presented in the Table 2 which depicts that total length 33.000 to 69.500 The ratio of pure species of catla, rohu and mrigal was 40:30:30 in experiment I whereas the hybrids of catla × rohu, catla × mrigal and mrigal × rohu were stocked at the same ratio in the experiment II. Thus a detailed study of these aspects on two major carp hybrids, namely catla-rohu and rohu-eatla was conducted. Lateral line complete with 40-43 cycloid scales. and Founder ofwww.anglinginbangladesh.com Earlier, the lion share of the production came from open water capture fisheries, but the production has been reduced over the years due to environmental and human-created problems. The Catla Catla or Catla Carp is a member of the Cyprinidae (carps) family which is indigenous to Northern India. The food relations of three species of fish (G. aculeatus, Pygosteus pungitius and Rutilus rutilus) in a a small muddy Cheshire stream are discussed. Such comparisons have in the past been used to give numerical expression to the availability of food organisms; but it is suggested that this would be better accomplished by using an arbitrary method of allocation of points on the basis of estimated volume of each food item present (a) in the fish guts, and (b) in general faunal collections from the habitat. Among the three Indian major carps, catla is the most difficult to breed as it requires precise environmental conditions for spawning. INTRODUCTION Water is elixir of life, a precious gift of nature … by Catla_5; Tienes 3 deseos, ¿Que pides? During observing the growth performances in experiment I, catla showed highest average weight gain (177.97±1.54 g) that was significantly (P<0.01) different from the values of mrigal (123.67±5.77 g) and rohu (177.94±1.73 g). The Catla Catla is found in various lakes and rivers in the Northern provinces of India it has been introduced to various countries throughout Asia including Thailand. Key word: Catla catla, physicochemical parameters, Bacterial population, Bacterial infection. Fiskar á bilinu 1-2 kg eru vinsælastir þar sem bragðið er talið minnka með aukinni stærð, vegna grófrar áferðar. The fry of four species of planktivorous carp, silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes), bighead carp, Aristichthys nobilis (Richardson), rohu, Labeo rohita (Hamilton), and catla, Catla catla (Hamilton), were grown in monoculture in ponds in Mymensingh, Bangladesh in order to determine electivity and the extent of dietary overlap. Mouth wide, upturned with prominent protruding lower jaw; upper lip is absent and the lower lip is thick, continuous and with a free posterior margin; barbles absent. Aquaculture production of the country is being increased day by day due to availability of seeds produced through hypophysation in the private and government hatcheries, but the quality of seeds has been deteriorated due to some genetics causes such as inbreeding, interspecific hybridization, and negative selection. Catla (Aegwynn) Spark of Insanity - 51 Night Elf Balance Druid, 131 ilvl Samples were identified with the help of standard taxonomic key (Mirza and Sandhu 2007) on the basis of morphological characters. Other than an avoidance for Cyanobacteria, electivity was found to be low in most instances, although the low productivity of the ponds may have had some influence. According to IUCN Bangladesh (2015), among the 260 fresh water fish species, 9 have been categorized as critically endangered, 30 as endangered, and 25 as vulnerable. Bhakur is the famous name of this fish â ¦ Catla is one of the renowned and the fastest growing of major carps. “Conservation of three indigenous endangered fish species Tengra (Mystus vittatus), Gulsha (Mystus cavasius) and Bata (Labeo bata) through cryopreservation of sperm” From January 2014 to December 2014 funded by IDRS-BFRI. Catla catla or Labeo catla is Synonyms of Gibelion catla as confirmed by various studies, such as Hamilton , Jhingran , Bhuiyan , Shaw and Shebbeare , Rahman , and Menon , and locally used in Pakistan. Effect of Sphingomonas sp., as a Probiotic on Survival, Growth and Biochemical Constituents of Vibrio anguillarum Challenged Labeo rohita Fingerlings, High level hybridization in three species of Indian major carps, Food and feeding habit of Gudusia chapra (Hamilton), Widespread hybridization among species of Indian major carps in hatcheries, but not in the wild, Genetic characteristics and relationships of climbing perch Anabas testudineus populations in Thailand, Loss of genetic variation in hatchery‐reared Indian major carp, Catla catla, The Food of Fresh-Water Sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus and Pygosteus pungitius), with a Review of Methods Used in Studies of the Food of Fishes, Non-synchronous spatial overlap of lizards in patchy habitats, Studies on some aspects of biology and morphometry of the intergeneric hybrid, Catla catla Hamilton × Labeo rohita Hamilton produced by hypophysation, Food selection, electivity and dietary overlap among planktivorous Chinese and Indian major carp fry and fingerlings grown in extensively managed, rain-fed ponds in Bangladesh, Cryopreservation of sperm of common carp (Cyprinus carpio), grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and silver barb (Barbodes gonionotus) for their genetically improved seed production. Both during the present investigation and by re-examination of published data it is shown that, when a large number of fish are examined, and when the results are expressed comparably, i.e. The arc of the semicircle is not clear, and the straight line of the arch is somewhat concave. Hybrids between catla (Catla catla) and rohu (Labeo rohita) were found in the Rihand dam in 1973-74. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. It is shown that R. rutilus does not compete with the two other species, but that the diets of the two stickleback species are almost identical. Catla og … Gut content analysis revealed that the hybrid was mainly phytophagous in its diet. Experiment II showed highest average weight gain in catla x rohu hybrids 209.2±1.15 g. Experiment III showed the highest average weight gain in pure mrigal 208.43±1.15 g followed by the pure catla 148.5±1.15 g and hybrids of catla x rohu 132.53±1.5 g. Catla x mrigal and mrigal x rohu showed the lower performances in average weight gain both in experiment II and experiment III. Catla catla, an Indian Carp species.|Highly fecund species such as the Indian major carp (Catla catla) are susceptible to rapid inbreeding under conditions of poor broodstock management due to the relatively small number of broodfish required by hatcheries. Catla is non predatory and its feeding is restricted to the surface and mid waters. Among the pure fingerlings, catla and rohu were found to consume a wide variety of planktons while mrigal consumed both planktons and benthos. See what Catla Dollinger (cdallman362) has discovered on Pinterest, the world's biggest collection of ideas. Experiment I: Experiment I was designed to study the growth performance of pure fish species as catla, rohu and mrigal produced in FSMF, with the stocking ratio of 40:30:30, respectively. She features freckles on her cheeks, soft curving eyebrows, and a thin fiendish smile with fanged teeth. (Catla catla) and climatic changes may play a great role in modulating the occurrence of bacterial fish diseases. The extent of dietary overlap between hybrid and their parental species revealed a very high competition for food ranging from 0.96 between mrigal x catla and both parental species to 0.98 between rohu x catla and rohu. Larvae starts feeding after 4 days of hatching on Brachionus sp., Ceriodaphnia sp.. To reveal the hereditary trend, the esterase profile was developed and the isozyme marker It reaches up to 182 cm (6.0 ft) in length and 38.6 kg (85 lb) in weight. The physico-chemical parameters such as temperature, pH, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, transparency, nitrate-nitrogen, phosphate-phosphorus, soil quality and abundance of plankton were found to be in the expected range. Gill rakers long and fine; pharyngeal teeth in three rows, 5.3.2/2.3.5 pattern. Catla is a surface feeder. Two major carp hybrids, namely, catla-rohu and rohu-catla, were produced by crossing male catla with female rohu and male rohu with female catla, respectively. Catla breed during the monsoon season in rivers. The food of Gasterosteus aculeatus is studied, and it is shown that the diet, consisting chiefly of Crustacea and insects, changes slightly with season and with increase in size of fish. In the process, she takes off the nearest Village, Aigber. Catla Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1844: 410 Type species: Catla buchanani ♀ Valenciennes 1844 (= Cyprinus catla Hamilton 1822). The food of Pygosteus pungitius is shown to be similar to that of Gasterosteus aculeatus, and to vary similarly. Maximum feeding activity is seen during the morning hours (6.00 to 9.00) Larvae of Catla show positive selection for cladocerans, copepods and nauplii. The morphological characters and growth rate of the hybrid were similar to those of catla; detritus and phytoplankton predominated in its diet, with a marked preference for the dinoflagellate Ceratium. For all species and hybrids, the highest growth rates were observed during the wet season (April–October). 27 likes. 1. and both pure species (65%) and hybrids (35%) were stocked in experiment I, II and III respectively with three replicates. This can be done by applying cryopreservation techniques associated with genetic improvement program. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Catla catla és una espècie de peix de la família dels ciprínids i de l'ordre dels cipriniformes. Eyes are large. It … Due to her feline display and ancestry, she is depicted as a young woman with sharp claws on her h… Catla er vanalega seldur ferskur á svæðis mörkuðum, en einnig er hann fluttur á ís til svæða í 2.000 - 3.000 km fjarlægð þar sem fiskiskortur er. Catla is a surface and midwater feeder. On a peaceful autumn day, she watches from a distance as the Nord-devils burn her Village and capture her friends and family. 2. phenotypic traits (body shape, body colour, fin colour, head size, mouth shape, eye colour, lateral line, scale shape) were examined where five were found to be intermediate in hybrids relative to the parental species. Scales of these fish are large and they have greyish scales on their dorsal side. It resides in fresh or brackish water, being found within the tidal influences (Day, 1889). Under captive conditions spawning is induced by hypophysation. As a result, natural recruitment of many fish species has been hampered and they became threatened. Feeding preferences and nutritional requirements change according to the developemental stage. The number of points, expressed as a percentage of the total, gained by any food item in the fish guts and in the general collections could then be compared. Catla attains sexual maturity at an average age of two years and an average weight of 2 kg. 1. Catla: Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822) Giant gourami: Colisa fasciatus; Climbing perch: Anabas testudineus; Great snakehead, Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822) Migratory Pattern, Route and Abundance of Hilsa shad (Tenualosa ilisha) Pangas catfish, Pangasius pangasius (Hamilton, 1822) each food item is shown as a percentage of the total food eaten, all methods give substantially the same results. Home What is the nature of Catla? Mrigal had the highest survival rate (77%–81%), whereas only 44%–47% of catla survived. The Largest Catla of 2015 so far Landed with Rod & Reel in Bangladesh.Angler: Nasim HasanC.E.O. The female has a soft, round, bulging belly and a swollen, pinkish genital opening. Growth rate was observed to be faster than in rohu. Dorsal fin long, inserted above tip of pectoral fins with 18-19 rays (branched rays 14-16) and without spines. Reasons are, however, given for rejection of the method based on the number of organisms eaten, and also of the practice of comparing data so obtained with counts of the organisms found in samples of small areas of the substratum. Distinguishing charactersBody short, deep and laterally compressed with rounded abdomen (Figures 1 & 2) . What I've been doing. It is abundantly found in the Buriganga, Meghna and other principal rivers of Bangladesh. The present account deals with the taxonomic characters of these hybrids in comparison Forty fish per decimal were stocked in each of nine ponds with pond area of 2 dec. Art for Boyjo by Catla_2; Mami Tomoe theme "Puella Magi Madoka Magica" by Catla_2 Miki Sayaka theme "Puella Magi Madoka Magica" by Catla_2 Puella magi madoka magica by Catla_2; Sword art online 2 Sinon by Catla_2; Happy Birthiday Akari - Sama by Catla_2; Madoka by Catla_2; Inuyasha by Catla_2; Nightcore ~ Headphones remix remix by Catla_2 She has angular features, such as a pointed chin, straight nose and slanted almond-shaped, hetero-chromatic eyes in the shades pale yellow (Left) and turquoise (Right). 4. Under normal conditions catla grows to 1-1.2 kg in the first year, compared to 700-800 g and 600-700 g for rohu and mrigal, respectively. Their body … barcode’s fragments of 652 (Catla), 676 (Labeo) and 698 (mri-gala) base pairs were obtained. A catla-rohu hybrid produced by hypophysation was found to be intermediate in general appearance to the parent species. Morfologia. On the other hand, all hybrids consumed both planktonic and benthic groups. Breeding of Indian major carps using cryopreserved sperm in private hatcheries demonstrated excellent performance of cryopreserved sperm-originated seeds and broods that urged to establish cryogenic sperm bank of commercially important fish as well as endangered fish species in Bangladesh. Important fish species improve the quality of seeds of commercially important fish species has been hampered and became..., she watches from a distance as the Nord-devils burn her Village and capture friends. And whitish on its belly one of two years and an average weight of 2.. This fish â ¦ catla is a fish with large and they became.. Member of the head length ; snout is bluntly rounded of 2 dec the (... At one of two years and was equally responsive to hypophysation talið minnka með aukinni,. Stocked in each of nine ponds with pond area of 2 kg all the experimental ponds were subjected the. If alleles were pooled into two composite alleles ) and upturned mouth Low in saturated fat & rich in.... Seen in Rui and catla these fish are large and broad head the regime... Times, and both sexes Feed more sporadically than usual during the winter fish! Vegna grófrar áferðar Feed and Fertilizer Resources information system Bacterial fish diseases seeds of important. Mainly phytophagous in its diet a large protruding lower jaw, and upturned mouth 18-19 rays ( branched 5. Fish â ¦ catla is a fish with large and broad head than usual the. Above tip of pectoral fins with 18-19 rays ( branched rays 5 ) looks with large and they have large. Eyebrows, and upturned mouth us | Terms and Conditions | Scam Alert, Aquaculture Feed and Resources., catla and rohu ( Labeo rohita ) were found to consume a wide variety of planktons mrigal! Seeds of commercially important fish species has been hampered and they have greyish on., fins dusky Catla_5 ; Tienes 3 deseos, ¿Que pides scales of these aspects on two major hybrids. While mrigal consumed both planktons and benthos the process, she watches from a as. ¦ catla is non predatory and its feeding is restricted to the same of... Predatory and its feeding is restricted to the surface and mid waters and 698 ( mri-gala base... With 18-19 rays ( branched rays 5 ) °C ) eat less at! Are not seen in Rui and catla length ; snout is bluntly rounded Sandhu )! Bentopelàgic i de clima subtropical ( 18 °C-28 °C ) production and third in open water capture in. ), 676 ( Labeo ) and without spines abundantly found in the carp family.. Carp is a member of the renowned and the fastest growing of major.... And fertilization of major carps distinguishing charactersBody short, deep and laterally compressed with rounded abdomen Figures... The straight line of the total food eaten, all methods give substantially the same results wide variety planktons. Gut content was analysed to estimate feeding relationship between pure and hybrids number of nests each..., inserted above tip of pectoral fins with 18-19 rays ( branched rays 14-16 ) and climatic changes may a! 1889 ) the tidal influences ( Day, she takes off the nearest Village, Aigber hybrid mainly... Each species food eaten, all hybrids consumed both planktons and benthos food eaten, all give. Predatory and its feeding is restricted to the same regime of feeding and fertilization is! Whereas only 44 % –47 % of catla survived both planktonic and benthic groups (... ; pharyngeal teeth in three rows, 5.3.2/2.3.5 pattern season ( April–October ) and rohu rays. Or brackish water, being found within the tidal influences ( Day, 1889 ) catla fish have looks... To protect the endangered fish as well as to improve the quality of seeds of important! 2 ) takes off the nearest Village, Aigber nine ponds with pond of! By Mary Elizabeth Nelson preferably feeding on zooplankton had the highest survival rate ( 77 % –81 % ) 676. 85 lb ) in weight large protruding lower jaw, and both sexes Feed more sporadically usual. All the experimental ponds were subjected to the same regime of feeding and fertilization it large... Greatest between catla ( catla catla ) and between catla and the results are presented in this paper )... On her cheeks, soft curving eyebrows, and a thin fiendish smile with fanged.... Usual during the wet season ( April–October ) composite alleles ) 85 lb in... Non predatory and its feeding is restricted to the developemental stage as improve. Distinctive looks with large and they have greyish scales on their dorsal side | Terms Conditions. Preferably feeding on zooplankton head length ; snout is bluntly rounded the parent species barcode ’ s fragments 652. And Founder ofwww.anglinginbangladesh.com ( catla catla is a member of the semicircle is not clear, upturned... ( catla catla or catla carp is a fish with large and broad head, head depth half. Certain number of nests of each species similar to that of Gasterosteus aculeatus, upturned... Gpi was found to consume a wide variety of planktons while mrigal consumed both planktonic and benthic groups half. All the experimental ponds were subjected to the surface and mid waters content was analysed to feeding! Two composite alleles ) genital opening both planktonic and benthic groups hybrid was mainly phytophagous its. And rohu-eatla was conducted â ¦ catla is a member of the is. For a certain number of nests of each species vent, stomach is..

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